Lesson 1: Japanese Greetings

Objective: Learn to read & write some common Japanese greetings

Japanese Greetings 1

  • おはよう (ございます)。 = Good morning. (polite)

    [ohayoo (gozaimasu)]

  • こんにちは。 = Hello; Good afternoon.


  • こんばんは。 = Good evening.


  • どうぞ よろしく。 = Nice to meet you.

    [doozo yoroshiku]

  • はじめまして。 = How do you do?


  • わたし の なまえ は _____ です。= My name is ____ .

    [watashi no namae wa ____ desu2]

  • ありがとう (ございます)。= Thank you (polite).

    [arigatoo gozaimasu]

  • どう いたしまして。= You're welcome.

    [doo itashimashite]

  • すみません。= Excuse me/Sorry.


  • ごめんなさい。= Sorry.


1 - When は appears after a subject, it is pronounced wa.

2 - Note about です: usually this word is pronounced dess, rhyming with the English word less.

Translation Practice

Translate the following sentences from English to Japanese using Hiragana.

  1. Good Morning! (polite)
  2. Sorry.
  3. Nice to meet you.
  4. Thanks!
  5. Hello, my name is Akira.
  6. Excuse me.
  7. You're welcome.
  8. Good evening, how do you do?

Translate the following Japanese phrases to English.

  1. ごめんなさい。
  2. はじめまして。
  3. ありがとう ございます。
  4. おはよう ございます。
  5. どうぞ よろしく。
  6. こんばんは。

Written Questions

Which greeting/phrase would you use in the following situations?

  1. You see a neighbor at the bus stop during your morning commute.
  2. You accidentally bump someone when rushing out of the elevator.
  3. Somebody thanks you for picking up the pen they dropped.
  4. You're meeting a new coworker for the first time.
  5. Someone holds the elevator door for you.


Write the following sets of Hiragana characters

  1. a, i, u, e, o
  2. ha, hi, hu, he, ho
  3. ra, ri, ru, re, ro
  4. da, ji, zu, de, do
  5. kya, kyu, kyo
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