Lesson 9: Japanese Pronouns

Objective: Learn to read and write a few more Japanese pronouns.

Special Note

Japanese pronouns are not used nearly as frequently as they are in English. In spoken Japanese, pronouns like "I", "you", "he", and "she" are seldom used in speech. More commonly, personal pronouns are omitted and other people are referred to by their names or titles. For a deeper understanding of Japanese pronouns, we recommend reading Wikipedia's Japanese pronouns page.


When used as the topic of the sentence, Japanese pronouns are followed by the subject marker, は.

New Vocabulary

かれ = he


かのじょ = she


わたしたち = we


あなたたち = you (plural)


かれら = they


がくせい = student


きょうし = teacher


いし = doctor (medical)


アーティスト = artist


シェフ = chef


はいゆう = actor; actress


ミュージシャン = musician



  • かれはシェフです。 = He is a chef.

    [kare wa shefu desu]

  • あなたたちはがくせいですか? = Are you students?

    [anatatachi wa gakusei desuka?]

Translation Practice

Write the following sentences in Japanese using hiragana/katakana.

  1. Is he a doctor?
  2. She is beautiful.
  3. Are you musicians?
  4. He is very strong.
  5. They are correct.

Translate the following Japanese sentences to English.

  1. わたしたちはがくせいです。かれらはきょうしです。
  2. かのじょはあなたのいしですか。
  3. かれのシェフはたかいです。
  4. かれらはアーティストです。わたしたちははいゆうです。
  5. わたしたちはただしいですか。


Write the following sentences using hiragana/katakana.

  1. What is your name? My name is David.
  2. Is that your house? That (over there) is our house.
  3. You're welcome. It's nice to meet you. I am a teacher. Are you a student?
  4. Are you American? I am Scottish.
  5. Your cat is very cute. My cat is small.
  6. Are you well? That person (over there) is a doctor.
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