Lesson 3: You Are ...

Objective: Learn to read and write "You are" sentences.

Key Words

  • あなた = You (singular)


  • 1 = (subject marker)


  • です2 = (sentence marker)


1 - When は appears after a subject,it's pronounced wa.

2 - Note about です: usually this word is pronounced dess, rhyming with the English word less.


  • あなた は _____ です。= You are _____ .

    [anata wa (adj./noun) desu.]

New Vocabulary

たのしい = fun


つよい = strong


うつくしい = beautiful


ただしい = correct; right


かしこい = clever


とても = very



  • あなたはとてもうつくしいです。= You are very beautiful.

    [anata wa totemo utsukushii desu]

  • あなたはかしこいです。 = You are clever.

    [anata wa kashikoi desu]

Translation Practice

Write the following sentences in Japanese using Hiragana and Katakana.

  1. You are fun.
  2. You're very clever.
  3. You are correct. I am American.
  4. You are beautiful.
  5. You are very strong!

Translate the following Japanese sentences to English.

  1. あんたはとてもたのしいです。
  2. あなたはかしこいです。
  3. あなたはとてもうつくしいです。
  4. あなたはただしいです。
  5. あなたはつよいです。


Write the following sentences in Hiragana

  1. Nice to meet you.
  2. I am very sleepy.
  3. I'm happy.
  4. You are Australian.
  5. You're welcome.
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